# Geometric Vectors

## Definition of a Geometric Vector

**What is a geometric vector?**

A geometric vector is a set of equivalent directed segments.

In mathematics, a geometric vector is an abstract concept that highlights the common quality in a family of equivalent segments.

## Understanding Equivalent Directed Segments

Given two directed segments AB and CD, they are considered equivalent if they share the same direction, sense, and length (also known as scalar magnitude or modulus).

**Note**. The segments AB and CD are equivalent because they have the same direction, sense, and length. Conversely, segment EF is not equivalent to AB and CD because, although it shares the same direction and length, it has a different sense.

The equivalence between two directed segments is expressed as follows:

Translating a directed segment AB on the Cartesian plane generates infinitely many equivalent segments.

The collection of all segments equivalent to AB, created through translation, defines a **geometric vector**.

Therefore, it can be stated that

Given a direction, sense, and magnitude, there exists one and only one geometric vector with these characteristics.

In conclusion, a geometric vector is an abstract concept that represents the common quality in a family of equivalent segments.

## Difference Between Free and Applied Vectors

A vector can be either applied or free.

- An
**applied vector**is associated with a specific point of origin (O). - A
**free vector**is not bound to any specific point of origin.

A free geometric vector is the collection of all infinite vectors equivalent to vector AB (*the class representative*).

A free geometric vector represents the **equivalence class (equipollence)** of the applied vector AB at a point.

**Note**. The reference applied vector (class representative) is entirely arbitrary.

The set of all free vectors in a plane is known as the **quotient set**.