# Difference Between Interior and Exterior Angles

Interior and exterior angles are fundamental concepts in geometry that are closely connected.

**Interior Angles**

Interior angles are the angles formed by the intersection of two adjacent sides within a polygon.

**Exterior Angles**

Exterior angles are the angles formed by the intersection of a side of the polygon and the extension of its adjacent side.

## A Practical Example

Consider triangle ABC.

The triangle has three interior angles: α, β, and γ.

Each interior angle has two adjacent exterior angles.

For example, angle α has two exterior angles: α_{1} and α_{2}.

The sum of an interior angle and one of its adjacent exterior angles is always 180° (a straight angle).

## Key Observations

Here are some important points about the sums of angles:

**Sum of Interior Angles**

The sum of the interior angles of a polygon with n sides is given by the formula: $$ (n-2) \cdot 180° $$**Example**. A triangle has n=3 sides and 3 interior angles. Their sum is always 180° because $$ (n-2) \cdot 180° = (3-2) \cdot 180° = 1 \cdot 180° = 180° $$**Sum of Exterior Angles**

The sum of the exterior angles is always 360° regardless of the number of sides of the polygon.**Example**. A triangle has n=3 sides and 3 interior angles. Each side has two exterior angles. However, at any given time, only 3 of these exterior angles can be considered (one for each vertex) and their sum is always 360°.**Relationship Between Interior and Exterior Angles**

In a polygon, for each angle, the sum of the interior angle and its adjacent exterior angle is always 180°, forming a straight angle.

And so on.